*updated* Secretary of State Clinton Addresses the Northern Ireland Stormont Assembly (Video)
From the NY Times:
Fourteen years ago, Hillary Rodham Clinton stood next to her husband at the Victorian city hall here, as a crowd of 70,000 gathered to watch President Bill Clinton light a Christmas tree.
On Monday, Mrs. Clinton, now the secretary of state, addressed a more select audience of 100 lawmakers in the imposing chamber of North Ireland’s Stormont assembly, exhorting them to stick with a peace process that the Clintons have made something of a family project.
“No one ever said it was going to be easy,” Mrs. Clinton said to the Protestant and Catholic leaders who are part of a power-sharing arrangement worked out during talks pushed by the Clinton administration. “This is not easy in any legislature, under the best of circumstances.”
Mrs. Clinton was one of the first foreign government officials invited to speak at Stormont, and she recalled the role of the Clinton administration in pushing the negotiations that resulted in the Good Friday peace accord in 1998 and led to the restoration of this body.
In the benches before her sat some of the bitterest enemies from the time known as the Troubles: Gerry Adams, leader of the Irish Republican Army’s political wing, Sinn Fein, and Ian Paisley, the once-strident Protestant evangelist and leader of the Democratic Unionist Party.
Despite its progress, Northern Ireland has entered a tense period, with Protestant and Catholic leaders in the government mired in a dispute over transferring police and justice services from London to Belfast.
Mrs. Clinton said the United States did not want to meddle, but she gently prodded both sides to settle their differences.
“My hope is that you will achieve what you set out to do, to complete the process of devolution,” she said. “Please know that the Obama administration and the United States are committed to helping you finish your journey.”
The speech was among the most heartfelt Mrs. Clinton has delivered as secretary of state, and it was well received…
Here is the video (part 1 and 2) of her remarks:
The transcript of the speech:
MR. SPEAKER: (In progress.) (Inaudible.) And I am delighted that they are so many. Some come to express support for what we do in this place. Others come in the hope of learning from it. All such visits represent interest in working together, internationally, to achieve common aims.
In recent years, members of this assembly have enjoyed opportunities to listen to addresses by many political figures from within these islands and elsewhere in Europe. We also enjoyed and benefitted from the visits of leaders in politics and business from the United States, all of whom have shown a tremendous commitment to the political and economic development in this part of the world, as well as their own.
Among these have been U.S. (inaudible), senators and mayors, (inaudible) by President Clinton. Certainly (inaudible) were such that a (inaudible) was not possible. But today we meet together as the assembly, as members on all sides have shown, they continue to show a commitment to make the politics work in Northern Ireland.
And now they have done so, they receive much support and encouragement from the United States of America, from its political (inaudible) and very much economic (inaudible). (Inaudible) partnerships have been developed, and we hope to continue (inaudible) starting with the many years ahead.
With that in mind (inaudible) that this morning it gives me great pleasure to welcome to our assembly chamber the U.S. Secretary of State, Mrs. Hillary Clinton. Madame Secretary, this is not your first visit to Northern Ireland. And so we are mindful your coming here today reflects your ongoing personal commitment, as well as the commitment of the U.S. administration, to the political, social, and economic development of Northern Ireland. And I am delighted that you accepted my invitation to address members of our assembly this morning.
(Inaudible) Madame Secretary to address the members. Madame Secretary?
SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Mr. Speaker, for your very warm welcome. But, indeed, it is I who is honored today to be here in this assembly, in this beautiful land that represents so much, not only to my country, but indeed, to the world, a place where bullets have been traded for ballots, where ancient hatreds have yielded to new hopes, and the promise of a lasting peace has given people permission, after years of uncertainty and despair, not just to dream again of a better future for yourselves and your children, but to act on those dreams.
So, let me first pay tribute to leadership of Peter Robinson and Martin McGuinness, your first minister and your deputy first minister, and also to the other party leaders, Mark Durkan and Reg Empey, David Ford, Dawn Purvis, and Gerry Adams. Thank you for all that you are doing.
And I am told, as well, that here we have two other men who have instrumental in the history of Northern Ireland, Dr. Ian Paisley and John Hume. And I welcome and thank them for what they have done, as well.
We meet at an important time in the history of Northern Ireland. In the 11 years since the Good Friday Agreement was signed, you have traveled a long way together on the road to peace. Groups have laid down their weapons. Empty streets are now bustling with activity. And here, in this chamber, men and women who were once sworn enemies work side by side to secure the achievements of recent years, and to deliver a stable, prosperous future for the people you represent.
These accomplishments are remarkable, and a credit to you and to all those who have worked for peace, not only the leaders here at Stormont, but also Westminster and Leinster House. But most importantly, to the thousands of ordinary citizens, mothers and fathers, whose determination to end the Troubles made them fervent activists for peace.
At this time, we can recognize you have traveled a great distance. But you do not need me to tell you that your journey is not yet over. The promise of the Good Friday Agreement and the St. Andrews Agreement is not yet fully realized. And Northern Ireland is now facing a new challenge with the global economic downturn, which threatens some of the gains that you have made in the past decade.
The value of peace is not only the absence of violence. It is also the presence of new opportunities for investment and jobs, for education and health care, and political participation. So it is critical, in this moment of economic turmoil, to protect the progress you have already achieved, and to build upon it, to ensure that your people continue to enjoy the rewards of peace, and to embrace it for the long term.
Since this assembly was restored two-and-a-half years ago, this devolution has enabled you to work together to enact sensible, necessary reforms on everything from health to housing to environmental safety. No one ever said it was going to be easy. Of course it is difficult. It is the nature of democracy. It is not easy in any legislature, as I know from experience, under the best of circumstances. But in these circumstances, the work you have done is all the more extraordinary.
So, please know that the Obama administration and the United States is committed to helping you finish your journey to put far behind you the long years of division and conflict, to build confidence and trust across all communities and political parties, and to honor the hopes and sacrifices of your people by making whole and permanent Northern Ireland’s emerging peace.
Now, we know what it means to be supportive. And we also know what it means to meddle. And I want to be clear that when it comes to the important issue of devolution, of policing and justice, that is a decision for this assembly to make. But as a true friend — and I thank the Speaker for his kind comments — my hope is that you will achieve what you have set out to do, to complete the process of devolution. And I am confident that, together, you can go forward and harness the exciting, human, and economic potential that Northern Ireland has to offer.
I know there has been considerable effort in recent weeks to address concerns, and work toward a resolution during this important period. There have been many moments in Northern Ireland’s peace journey when progress seemed difficult, when every route forward was blocked, and there seemed to be nowhere to go. But you have always found a way to do what you believed was right for the people of Northern Ireland. As Scripture urges us, “Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up.”
And today, Northern Ireland stands as an example to the world of how even the staunchest adversaries can overcome differences to work together for the common and greater good. So, I encourage you to move forward now with that same spirit of unstoppable grit and resolve. And I pledge that the United States will be behind you all the way, as you work toward peace and stability that lasts.
In recent months, more paramilitary groups have made the decision to decommission their weapons — a necessary act that is critical for peace. But the killings this March, of Police Constable Stephen Carroll and soldiers Mark Quinsey and Patrick Azimkar remind us that there are still those looking to seize any opportunity to undermine the process, and to destabilize this government.
Now they are watching this assembly for signs of uncertainty or internal agreement. They want to derail your confidence. And though they are small in number, their thuggish tactics and destructive ambitions threaten the security of every family in Northern Ireland. Moving ahead together with the process will leave them stranded on the wrong side of history.
Of course, the best guard against those bent on dragging Northern Ireland back to the past is not an edict from the top, but the day-to-day faith and fortitude of the people of Northern Ireland. In the days after the killings, the world watched and prayed that a new period of violence would not erupt. In fact, the murders had the opposite effect. Ordinary people, Catholics and Protestants alike, marched together in vigils, attended interfaith services, and declared with one voice their refusal to go back to the old ways, and their insistence on looking to a brighter future. The killings could have been the start of a backward slide. Instead, they proved to the world and to each of you how far you have come.
I know the divisions within Northern Ireland are not fully healed. Even today, many Catholics and Protestants live segregated lives: separate schools, separate neighborhoods, some still divided by walls. But given time, and given the leadership that each of you can provide, the torn fabric of society will be woven together, stitch by stitch, choice by choice.
The people of Northern Ireland have given this assembly a powerful mandate. And you, in turn, have accepted the responsibility to summon the highest qualities of leadership, and to repay the faith that the people have vested in you with lasting results. That means not just completing devolution, but using your authority wisely, as you have been, to build a thriving society, where people can live free from fear, where parents can raise healthy families, where ever child can receive a high-quality education, and all people, no matter their religion or their political beliefs, have the chance to make the most of their God-given potential.
We have already seen, firsthand, how peace helps promote economic growth and opportunity. After the Good Friday Agreement, Northern Ireland’s economy took off: unemployment fell, house prices rose, new businesses flourished. International investment increased, as well. Since the cease fires of the 1990s, the number of U.S. companies in Northern Ireland has increased by 150 percent. And U.S. investment alone has increased employment by creating 20,000 jobs here since 1994. Now, our businesses have long been interested in investing, but it was your commitment to peace that finally made it possible.
Across the world, as the Speaker referenced, Northern Ireland is seen as a model of how resolving conflict can lead to genuine progress, and material improvement in people’s lives. So, in the face of the economic downturn, it is essential to protect and strengthen the progress you have made by enacting smart reforms, investing in your people in health and education and job training services, encouraging entrepreneurship, and continuing to attract foreign investment.
Here again, your commitment to a permanent peace based on the principles and agreements you’ve adopted must be unequivocal and unwavering. Northern Ireland’s success in the competitive global economy depends on investors believing that you will do all you can to maintain political stability and public safety, just as your success in keeping the trust of your people relies on your ability to prove that peace leads to meaningful improvements in their lives. Peace and economic progress should go hand in hand.
The United States will continue to strongly support your efforts to provide greater opportunities. We intend to increase our economic engagement. Later today, our new economic envoy, Declan Kelly, and I will meet with business leaders from the United States and Northern Ireland, who have agreed to increase business-to-business collaboration between our people.
Establishing a last peace, building a strong economy, creating the conditions for a healthy, flourishing society, none of this is easy. And the work is never done. Indeed, none of these goals are final destinations. You have to keep working at them day by day. That certainly is a lesson we have learned over the 230 years in our own country. And we keep relearning them all of the time. We, too, have struggled to achieve unity.
But my country has long felt a special connection with Northern Ireland. Many Americans, as you know so well, have ancestral ties to this land. They have family and friends who still live here. So, helping to bring peace is a point of national pride. And, for many of us, it also has great personal meaning.
For me, this is very personal. My husband and I came here in 1995. Bill was deeply invested in forging the Good Friday Agreement before, and in the years since. I came here as First Lady, and then as a senator from New York. And I joined with every American in celebrating of the signing of the St. Andrews Agreement. And, by the way, every I was in the Senate, I had an intern from Northern Ireland, and one of whom came back and ran for office herself.
So, over the years, Bill and I have had the privilege of meeting many of you. And I learned that peace is not only made in the halls of government, but at kitchen tables, and in local pubs, and school yards, workplaces, and in the hearts of people in every neighborhood.
Changing hearts is the hardest work of all. It is hard for an individual, harder still for a community, where every loss or injustice, pain or resentment is magnified. But leaders like all of you are elected to offer a choice between allegiance to a past that cannot be changed, and commitment to a different future that you shape.
When Bill and I first came to Belfast, we stayed at the Europa Hotel, as I have again this time, even though then there were sections boarded up because of damage from bombs. We went to City Hall, as I will later today, for the lighting of the Christmas tree. There were people stretched in all directions, as far as I could see: mothers clutching babies, fathers with children on their shoulders, all with upraised faces. I have carried that image in my mind over the last 14 years. I have wondered about the children whose lives were changed, and maybe even saved, because many of you took risks for peace.
This peace is yours. People in this hall have the power to secure and sustain it for generations to come. I pray that you succeed. And I pledge that we will stand with you as you do the hard work of building a future of peace and prosperity for people who so richly deserve it.
May God bless you and sustain you in this important work. Thank you all very much.
From the UK Independent:
In an address to the Northern Ireland Assembly she complimented local representatives on how far they had come. But in meetings with their leaders and in other public comments she specifically urged them to clinch the deal on transferring policing and security powers.
She held important meetings with First Minister Peter Robinson of the Democratic Unionists and Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness of Sinn Fein.
She told the Assembly that it would make the decision on devolution, but pointedly added: “The step of devolution for policing and justice is an absolutely essential milestone.”
The US, she said, would not “meddle” in the process. But one of the messages of her one-day visit was that policing was essential for increased stability, and that stability would make US investment and job creation more likely.
Her pressure, together with that emanating from both London and Dublin, is directly aimed at Mr Robinson and his party, whose misgivings have caused many months of delay in putting policing in place.
Not all in the DUP are keen on speedy movement, harbouring as they do many instinctive reservations about the Assembly and its system which locks them into government with Sinn Fein.
This was on view yesterday when, as the Assembly gave Mrs Clinton a standing ovation, two Democratic Unionist members, Gregory Campbell and the Rev William McCrea, headed for the doors of the chamber. The two are regarded as being among the hardline sceptics who are known as “the Twelve Apostles.”
Sinn Fein member Daithi McKay called on the pair to apologise for “publicly snubbing the US Secretary of State.”
Mr Campbell, a Westminster MP, denied he had staged a walkout, advancing the explanation that “we all have important business to do, particularly the economic regeneration of Northern Ireland.”
The episode has tended to confirm the widespread suspicion that Mr Robinson’s delaying tactics have not entirely been motivated by a desire to ensure that the arrival of policing powers will not bring with them additional costs of up to half a billion pounds.
Gordon Brown, who last week was involved in hours of financial negotiations with both Mr Robinson and Mr McGuinness, yesterday sent them details of an offer dealing with the monetary aspects. The two leaders appear pleased with this.
In this instance Sinn Fein is – for once – on the side of the angels, in that republicans are at one with the various governments in wanting a quick end to the policing dispute. They are also fully in favour of maximum US involvement in the peace process…